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Forum Summaries

Meridian Forums are a unique and innovative venue for shared learning and experimentation. Thought leaders from partner universities or key experts initiate digital forums and invite member participation to explore critical risks and opportunities for crisis preparedness in key focus areas.   

Every contribution posted by members in the forum is translated into Chinese, English, Japanese, and Korean. Forum Summaries, which outline the central themes and ideas discussed among members in Meridian Forums, are posted publicly here after the close of each forum. 

Featured Forum

Puppet hand

The Invisible Hand

Departing from the customarily word-focused format, our recent forum was grounded in images and objects. Inspired by works such as “Flat is the New Deep,” by Sunwoo Hoon, participants explored artistic responses to the rise of global platform companies whose business models offer (apparently free) mass connectivity in return for the relatively invisible extraction of information and data. They also explored how art could be more effectively and deliberately deployed to inform and mobilise public opinion on this and other issues of pressing social concern. This forum prompted participants to engage with artistic representations of the entanglement of technology, policy, privacy, power, and capitalism. Read more.


Diversity in Density

May 2019

Recent migration surges and rapid urbanisation have increased human diversity in population-dense locations, particularly in urban apartment buildings. Although research on everyday multiculturalism shows that local neighbourhoods are important sites for tackling racism and fostering understanding, little work has examined the role of apartment buildings in shaping intercultural interactions, whether positive or negative. Read more.


Data Governance


April 2019

Data is a vital new resource. It is so powerful that some argue that whoever acquires, possesses, and masters data will win the Tianxia, the world. The field of data governance engages such questions, prompting us to consider who commandeers our vast quantities of data, how, and with what repercussions. Though many have discussed the commercial significance of data governance, largely focusing on its technological and organizational aspects, we are only beginning to skim the surface of its social, political, ethical, and legal implications. Read more.

Smart & Shrinking Cities


In the modern world, especially in developed countries, “shrinking cities” have become a serious issue due to changing industrial structures, slowing economic growth, population decline, aging populations, and declining birth rates. This phenomenon, which has become prominent in the 21st century and is associated with the terms “anti-urbanization,” “de-urbanization,” “city depopulation,” and “decentralization and inversion of large cities,” has changed dramatically when compared to the 20th century, which experienced rapid industrialization and urbanization. Read more.


Democracy & Truth

Various kinds of ‘truth’ can shore up, undermine, challenge, or legitimate democracy. The Meridian 180 forum on Democracy and Truth explored conceptions of ‘truth,’ from present-day historical narratives about democratic transition to growing concerns about denials of scientific facts and fears about diminishing accountability during perceived democratic crises. Read more.


Public Participation in Legal Decision-Making

February 2019

Juries and lay judges are longstanding features of many common law and civil law legal systems. In recent years, however, we have seen both the introduction of new systems of lay participation in some countries and the restriction or elimination of existing systems in others. The Meridian 180 forum on Public Participation in Legal Decision Making examined the phenomenon of lay participation in law, and the causes and consequences of its rise and fall around the world. Learn more.


City Diplomacy

May–July 2018

In the City Diplomacy online forum, moderators invited members to reflect on the increasing boldness and visibility of cities’ diplomatic engagements. Among the questions posed were whether city diplomacy is really a growing phenomenon, what versions of international relations it might produce, what the implications might be for rural and remote communities, and what the risks for cities themselves might be of the resulting global connection and disconnection. Read more.




Rethinking and Remaking Festival Culture

February–March 2018

In an age of globalized biennial culture, East Asia is no exception. Countless art biennials, festivals, and fairs in East Asia monopolize state and private resources to reinforce dominant trends and values of market-centered capitalist globalization. But how might we rethink and remake these proliferating international arts and culture events, and the mega-festival form itself, into a different kind of “festival”—one challenging the evolving entrepreneurial activities of post- or neo-developmental states? Read more.


The Shadow of North Korean Nuclear Policy and the Realistic Problems of North Korean Elites



December 2017 – February 2018

Meridian 180 held a forum for insights on the North Korean nuclear crisis from the unconventional viewpoint of the North Korean elite by posing this hypothetical: Imagine yourself as a member of Kim Jong-Un’s inner circle, born and raised to rare privilege and rank in North Korea. How would you advise Kim when the wrong word could cost you your life of comfort, if not life itself, but continuing on the present course be just as disastrous? Read more.


Truth and Post-Truth

February 2017

Meridian 180 members discussed a series of stimulating questions focused on the intersections of authority, media, and the public, and the different roles and questions each stakeholder should be considering. The forum engaged a wide range of experts including legal scholars, journalists, economists, political scientists, and policymakers and resulted in a lively exploration of the role of technology, media, and power in a post-truth era. Read more.


Global Data Governance

December 2016

Prompted in part by recent scandals in the United States surrounding the hacking and release of email data, Meridian 180 members thought widely about the issues and implications of how to govern data, as well as how data governs individuals and systems. The forum generated a wide exchange of ideas from a diverse group of economists, sociologists, computer scientists, anthropologists, and legal experts from Australia, China, Korea, the United States, and Latin America. Read more.